Historical and current reference material
diffusion of information and the arraignment of all abuses at the bar
of public reason, I deem [one of] the essential principles of our
government, and consequently [one of] those which ought to shape its
within each individual Department
The Founders' Constitution
Provided by the University of Chicago. The Columbia Law Review described it as,
“The Oxford English Dictionary of American constitutional history.”
Published in 1986 in five huge volumes, it is now available online.
Discover the legal philosophy, history, and constitutional argument that informed the
thought and debates of the Framers. Awesome!
Heritage Guide to The Constitution
The Heritage Guide to the Constitution is intended to provide a brief and accurate explanation
of each clause of the Constitution as envisioned by the Framers and as applied in contemporary law.
Select any Article or Section from the left side and the Original Text appears in the main, center, area.
Hover your cursor over text in the main body. Areas with an associated Essay will highlight
and upon a left-click that Essay will appear. Essays are also listed on the right for direct selection.
Teacher's Companion Lessons are also available in PDF format. Excellent!
Race, Sex, Class and Justice in the Origins of America
Thomas G. West
Contrary to modernist charges of hypocrisy, the American founders established
a "new order for the ages", a nation founded on a series of principles that,
for the first time in human history, sent slavery down the course of ultimate extinction
and allowed for the universal right to vote.
The Constitution Society
Independence Day Collection
An excellent collection of material pertaining to the 4th of July. Recommended.
The Liberty File
An excellent collection of seminal thought regarding government.
Easy to use and comes complete with occasional good humor. Recommended.
The NCC was established by Congress through the
Constitution Heritage Act of 1988,
as an independent, nonpartisan, nonprofit organization.
This easy to navigate site has a wealth of information.
Awesome Stories is a gathering place of primary-source information.
Its purpose – since the site was first launched in 1999 – is to help educators and individuals
find original sources, located at national archives, libraries, universities,
museums, historical societies and government-created web sites. Recommended
The U.S. Code — Searchable
Service Reports via
and Monetary Data
U.S. General Accounting Office (GAO)
Archiving Early America
and the Founding of the American Republic
The Federalist Papers (with search)
User's Guide to the Declaration of Independence
Original Twelve Articles of the
of the Communist Party
Communist Goals (1963)
Cycles in US History
|Science and Environment|
|General Reference & Research Aids|
updated: 19 november 2000;
23 september 2002;
21 july 2011;
7 july 2012
13 may 2023