Philosophy of government

The Philosophy of Government

"On every question of construction (of The Constitution), let us carry ourselves back to the time when The Constitution was adopted, recollect the spirit manifested in the debates, and instead of trying what meaning may be squeezed out of the text, or invented against it, conform to the probable one in which it was passed."
—Thomas Jefferson

A Republic v. A Democracy
Understanding why the United States of America
is not and never was a democracy (10-minute video)

The best argument against democracy
is a five-minute conversation with the average voter.

—Winston Churchill

The Heritage Guide to The Constitution
Heritage Guide to The Constitution

"The merit of our Constitution was,
not that it promotes democracy, but checks it."
—Horatio Seymour

The Tyranny of the Minority
When the Founding Fathers created this nation, they designated it a republic rather than a democracy.
They did so because a republic is fixed and tends toward stability over time,
whereas a democracy, which is always in flux, is prone to violent dissolution at any moment.
In fact, many of them referred to democracy as “mob rule.”

“The champions of socialism call themselves progressives, but they [resist] every kind of improvement,” economist and political analyst Ludwig von Mises observed. “They call themselves liberals, but they are intent upon abolishing liberty. They call themselves democrats, but they yearn for dictatorship. They call themselves revolutionaries, but they want to make the government omnipotent.”

The Roots of Liberalism and Conservatism
Paul Shlichta
Conservative writers sometimes complain about the obstinacy of liberals – how they persist
in their beliefs despite the flagrant misdeeds of their politicians and the collapse of welfare states,
as is now happening in Europe.  Since false conclusions are often the result of false initial assumptions,
I tried to find the cause of this persistence by tracing back to the roots of liberal and conservative thought. 

Basic Concepts of “GOVERNMENT”
Publius Huldah
Think NOT that you must have a law degree to understand the Constitution of the United States; or that the lawyers, law professors and black robed judges are the ones who understand it best.  They are the ones who perverted it.  To restore constitutional government, We the People must learn the basic concepts of  “government”; and we must learn the Constitution, elect representatives who will honor their oaths to support it (Art VI, clause 3), and remove from office those who don’t.

If you are looking for information on the Democratic Socialists of America or,
the Congressional Progressive Caucus click HERE


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Ideas have Consequences

Why Knowing Roman History Is Key to Preserving America's Future
Steele Brand
The United States didn't simply poof into existence, fully formed, from the brains of the Founders. History guided them as they crafted the American system of governance. This included the European traditions they were partially rejecting, but also elements from an older generation of republics that they wished to copy, especially the Roman Republic. And while our problems today feel distinctly modern, Rome still has lessons that can guide our republic.
Tyranny, Oppression, Death and Destruction:
The End Products of Democratic Socialism

Charles Wills
The rise of socialists like Bernie Sanders and Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, within the godless Democrat party, should concern all Americans, especially Christians and religious Jews. Why any American, in their right mind, would vote for a socialist politician is puzzling.
America’s Cold Civil War
Charles R. Kesler
Six years ago I wrote a book about Barack Obama in which I predicted that modern American liberalism, under pressures both fiscal and philosophical, would either go out of business or be forced to radicalize. If it chose the latter, I predicted, it could radicalize along two lines: towards socialism or towards an increasingly post-modern form of leadership. Today it is doing both.
Socialism as a Hate Crime
James Piereson
Why isn’t socialism a “hate crime”? After all, the evidence for its malignant effects is obvious to anyone with sufficient curiosity to look at the historical record. The socialist movement has been responsible for the murder, imprisonment, and torture of many millions, and perhaps hundreds of millions, of innocent people during its heyday in the twentieth century.
Democratic Socialism is Totalitarian Slavery
S. G. Cheah
Have you ever wondered why, despite the continuous systemic failures of socialistic, communistic or fascistic regimes, – as evidently proven by the observable catastrophes of 2018’s Venezuela, Mao’s China, and the Soviet Union – this idea of the Utopian collectivist commune never seem to die? The secret to the existence and survival of these ideas is far more sinister than you may have realized.
The "New" Democratic Party
Mark Alexander
Paraphrasing the esteemed classical liberal economist, Friedrich von Hayek, Future Freedom Foundation President Jacob Hornberger wrote, "There is no difference in principle, between the economic philosophy of Nazism, socialism, communism, and fascism and that of the American welfare state and regulated economy." British historian, Dr. John Joseph Ray, noted further, "The BIG Lie of the late 20th century was that Nazism was Rightist. It was in fact typical of the Leftism of its day. It was only to the Right of Stalin's Communism."
Fundamental Transformation:
Obama Again Calls the United States a Constitutional Democracy

Sara Noble
Our country is a Constitutional Republic, not a Constitutional Democracy, however, Barack Obama continually calls it a constitutional democracy...The country is being fundamentally transformed from a constitutional republic into a constitutional democracy. The difference between the two is the difference between the United States as it was established and present-day Europe.
Why Socialism is a Pseudoscience
Socialism is morality masquerading as science

Kelly O’Connell
An astounding number of current world problems are traceable directly, or indirectly, to the intellectual infection called Marxism. Just last century an incomprehensibly large number of persons were directly murdered, or indirectly caused to die as a result of applying Karl Marx’s ideas.
Of Marx and Men
Bruce A. Riggs
Election 2012 is shaping up to be the most clearly defined clash of political ideologies since FDR's New  Deal. The heart of the matter is the long-overdue awakening of a slumbering majority of constitutional traditionalists. This awakening has been triggered by a surge of authoritarian socialism, or more accurately, cultural Marxism advocated by a radical Obama administration to fashion a "fundamentally transformed" America.
Government Increasingly Set as Only Source of “True Knowledge”
Kelly OConnell
An astounding transformation in the concept of truth has occurred the last few decades in America. No longer are statements or ideas accepted simply on their soundness or logical consistency. In fact, logic often has no impact upon an idea’s popularity. Increasingly, an idea needs official government backing before it is deemed “true.”
Liberal Anti-Democrats
Steven F. Hayward
None of the liberal complaints about “gridlock” are new; Progressives like Woodrow Wilson deplored the separation of powers and other limiting features of the Founding as obsolete years before he tried to ignore them as president.
Sources of American Federalism:
Founders, Reformers & Ancient Hebrews

Kelly O'Connell
Federalism, as understood today, began in America, intuited by James Madison, Thomas Jefferson and other Founders. Yet, despite its spectacular success, the development of federal political theory is not widely understood. Its growth from covenant and federal theology traces an unbroken line from the Reformation, then back to ancient Jewish federal covenant systems.
What Is Sovereignty and Who Has It
Dr. Robert R. Owens
[The] definition of the concept of sovereignty emerged along with the nation-state. The nation-state hasn’t always existed. Everyone tends to see the circumstances of their own times as the static normality of history. And contrary to the endless lectures of History teachers tied to politically correct text books and standardized tests, History is not static it’s dynamic, it changes every day.
Marxism’s Last (and First) Stronghold
Samuel Gregg
A rather unconventional Marxist by 1930s Stalinist standards, Gramsci argued that the key to power lay less in controlling the economic means of production than in capturing the engines of “cultural hegemony” – the universities, the media, the arts, and religious institutions. Gramsci recognized that the Russian Bolsheviks’ violent seizure of power in 1918 had been the exception to the rule.
The Psychology Underlying “Liberalism”
John J. Ray
Something that Leftists have had in common from the beginning is the rejection of any idea of "human nature". Basically, Leftists seem to believe that "education" can change almost anything in human behaviour.
“Liberal Fascism” – The end of freedom and prosperity
Ted Belman
Barak Obama is a proponent of liberal fascism. Not only does he want to take care of everyone, he means to take your money as if he was entitled to it, in order to finance his, the state’s, plans. Gov. Palin pointed this out in her stump speeches. Joe Biden called giving your money to the state “patriotism”.
Fascism's Legacy: Liberalism
Daniel Pipes
Liberal fascism sounds like an oxymoron – or a term for conservatives to insult liberals. Actually, it was coined by a socialist writer, none other than the respected and influential left-winger H.G. Wells, who in 1931 called on fellow progressives to become "liberal fascists" and "enlightened Nazis."
The American Bolsheviks – II
George M. Haddad
This is one trip we are all taking at election time whereby we do not have the luxury of indulging ourselves. And as we look back and imagine what they did at Bunker Hill, will we be found wanting?
The American Bolsheviks
George M. Haddad
The continuing expansion of Federal power at the expense of the states and the people is probably best illustrated by the explosive growth in federal agencies to regulate just about every facet of American life.
Know Your Rights
Michael Tennant
Thomas Jefferson had it right: The only inalienable rights are those to life, liberty, and property. All other supposed rights are not rights at all but privileges bestowed upon some at the expense of others.
Do The Democrats Really Hate America? - Part II
George M. Haddad
To deprecate our way of life and to embrace the philosophy of Marx and Lenin is to wallow in quick sand and believe that you're being massaged. This is basically the heart of today's democrat party as it lives and breeds dependency on government.
Is Socialism Good in Theory?
Sheldon Richman
People who say socialism is good in theory really mean they regret that it doesn't work without the attendant unpleasantness. The regret about socialism turns out to be a regret about human nature.
Do the Democrats Really Hate America?
George M. Haddad
The United States of America is under siege. The fact that the so called democrat party is really the Socialist Party of the United States has never been more evident.
Sorry, Mr. Franklin, “We’re All Democrats Now”
Congressman Ron Paul
A constitution in and by itself does not guarantee liberty in a republican form of government. Even a perfect constitution with this goal in mind is no better than the moral standards and desires of the people.
I, Government
D.W. MacKenzie
Coercion is both my vocation and my avocation; it is in my very nature to compel others to do that which they otherwise would not do. My nature should then be of great concern to you as I impinge on your liberty.
"And Not A Shot Is Fired!"
Transition To Socialism
Albert V. Burns
The brilliant mechanisms of self-government our Founding Fathers established for us have been (and ARE) being used to destroy its very character.
The New Fascism
Richard Rahn
While most of the media and political class refer to communism and socialism as leftist ideologies and Nazism and fascism as ideologies of the far right, these ideologies are merely different forms of statism.
Did the Founders of the Constitution
Forget the Bill of Rights?
Jacob G. Hornberger
Contrary to popular opinion, the Constitution does not grant any rights whatsoever to the people but instead expressly restricts and restrains government power.
Language of Deceit Part 5: Special Interests – The Foundation of Modern 'Liberalism'
Paul E. Scates
Motivated by the fear of losing political influence, members of both parties are more concerned with their own positions and power than the country´s needs, the people´s liberty, and the health of our republic.
The 'Liberal' Mind: Deceiver or Deceived?
Paul E. Scates
Socialism becomes, then, "an elixir against earthly adversity." Thus for the socialist, lies, disinformation and deceit used in the attainment of socialist goals bear no sense of moral wrong, but are simply valid utilitarian means to an end.
American Communism and
The Making of Women's Liberation
Henry Makow, Ph.D.
In the late 1940´s, CPUSA leaders realized that their primary constituency, the labor movement, was becoming increasingly hostile to Communism. They began to pin their survival on women and African Americans.
Imploding Liberal Notions
Alan Caruba
A lot of liberal notions that have held back this nation from the ability to protect itself against both foreign and domestic enemies crashed along with the Twin Towers on September 11th.
Liberalism, is it a Derivative of Liberty?
Darrel Mulloy
The decline of morality will mean the decline of America. The new world order requires that decline of morality in order to achieve its goal of taking away our sovereignty.
Socialism: The Natural Progression of Things
Colonel Dan
As people increasingly raise their standard of living, they want others to takeover much of that which earlier generations routinely accepted as individual responsibilities. And make no mistake about it; there are always those who will jump at the opportunity to provide services for you-at a price.
Most Americans are Socialists at Heart Today
Chuck Baldwin
If history teaches us anything, it teaches us that once Socialism is permanently ensconced in a nation it becomes a juggernaut of tyranny and oppression. Yet, as surely as the sun rises in the east, that is the path America is currently following.
Institutional Man
Michael Peirce
The modern age has produced a breed of Institutional Man who, like a prisoner kept behind bars for too long, is unable to function as a free individual.
America's Five-Foot Giant: James Madison
Vin Suprynowicz
The founders warned us that we could expect to survive as a free nation only so long as the public at large remained educated to the reasons for America's complex and sometime frustrating form of government
Transformation of American Opinion
Llewellyn H. Rockwell, Jr.
"We live in times that are both despotic and revolutionary ... Never before has any people lived under a government this well-funded, this technologically sophisticated, this well-armed... The great tax and political revolts in history occurred under regimes that mostly look like paradises of liberty by comparison."
Prohibition Fever
A legacy project for the W. era.
As we head into the new millennium, with a new president who promises to reduce the unintended harms caused by government, it is time for America to recognize some lessons about prohibition.
How the Electoral College Works –
And Why It Works Well
Ronald D. Rotunda
"The Framers created the Electoral College to protect the residents of the smaller states, and they rejected government by simple majority because plebiscites historically have been the tool of dictatorships, not democracy."
In Defense of the Electoral College
Are we not a democracy that honors the will of the people?
The very question indicates a misunderstanding of our Constitution.
To Vote Democrat
To vote democrat you must agree with Bill Clinton and Al Gore — that all Americans are today nothing more than helpless children, victims of society and totally incapable of living our lives without the government helping us and instructing us every step of the way.
The Old Totalitarianism vs. the New, Deceitful Kind
Today PC culture and philosophy are doing a much better job of creating the New Age totalitarian state than communism or the French Revolution were able to do.
Pax Americana
Britain's 'Gentleman Johnny' Burgoyne had surrendered an entire British army to the American militia, to nothing but a gang of New York and New England farmers.
The Meaning of 'Moderate'
Being moderate means dismissing the radical idea that Washington D.C. should be razed to the ground tomorrow, in favor of the idea of doing it one building at a time.
Of Bryant Gumbel, Jeff Jacoby
and Liberal Double-Standards
The two philosophies cannot co-exist indefinitely. Sooner or later we will have to decide: freedom or serfdom? Free speech or political correctness? Eventually, we may see open clashes between these two, as leftists grow increasingly brazen and militant.
Q: How many members of the U.S. Congress are also members of the Democratic Socialists of America?
A: Fifty-six!
The Foundations of Human Rights
Fewer than 30 of the entire United Nations’ member states qualify as democracies;
the rest trend toward totalitarianism.
Socialism Still A Failure
The failure of socialism and social engineering by "the best and brightest" of left-wing liberalism is once again being proven, the latest evidence coming from communist China, Canada, Britain, France, and Australia.
What is Conservatism?
Or, What Goes Around, Comes Around
Conservatives know that a one-size-fits-all "solution" from a central government
is more likely to be an impediment than a cure.
What is the Liberal Left and What is its Goal?
I am sure that most individuals afflicted with a liberal mindset would be unable to name any particular goal for their beliefs. It is in many ways like a religion ... a set of pre-defined attitudes and opinions by which they make decisions in life.
Well Then, Who Was America's Greatest President?
Imagine if our children were encouraged to memorize Van Buren's message to the special congressional session of 1837.
Americas First Bolshevik
The fact is, Lincoln didn't abolish slavery at all, he nationalized it, imposing income taxation and military conscription upon what had been a free country before he took over
Anarchism: What Is This Word Our Rulers Hate?
The question is simple: can you govern yourself, or do you need to be governed?
A Faith That Ruined Whole Continents
And Destroyed A World Of Human Lives
So that's my millennial question: Have we learned from the Marxist disaster of this century, or are we doomed to repeat it in the next?
Socialism in America
Socialism in America is alive, well, and growing. This document names the names of individuals as well as organizations that support the socialist agenda either overtly or covertly.
The Legacy of Progressivism
Without Progressivism, the New Deal would and never could have come into existence.
Deadly Government
In the Twentieth Century alone, governments have slaughtered between 170 million and 200 million of their own citizens
The Century of Statism
There is no doubt that in 1900, Americans in many ways were more free
than they are today.
Who has the Courage?
If people are fed up with their government, disappointed, angry and disgusted about what it is doing to them, what are their alternatives?
The Left's War Against America
"It is ideas, not vested interests, which are dangerous for good or evil."
New And Improved Republicans
The Federalists  shared a healthy disdain for government, as articulated in the Federalist Papers' detailed description of the limitations on government as set forth in our Constitution and its Bill of Rights.
The Moral Promise of Freedom
Today the promise of private property is routinely violated by both private criminals and government dictate. The attack on property began subtly at first, but today it has become explicit, sometimes brutal, and sometimes even deadly.
Socialist origins of Neo-Nazism
No matter what they call themselves, the people who have similar dreams of total social and economic control today are on the left, not the right.
Extremism in Defense of Virtue
The recent discovery that the Website of the Progressive Caucus is hosted by a group called the Democratic Socialists of America, or DSA, has created a rush to dissociate the caucus from the dreadful s-word, even though the Website is the only place that lists all the members, their addresses, their e-mail addresses and the statements issued by the group.
Left-wing Conspiracy of Rhodes Scholars?
Did you ever hear of the Round Table Groups? Or, professor Carroll Quigley? Quigley told, while not 'all', enough so that his book was pulled by the publisher and the plates destroyed. Some copies are in existence. From Quigley's book, "... we may identify as the Round Table Groups, has no aversion to cooperating with the Communists, or any other groups, and frequently does so."
What made our revolution different?
by Don Feder
"If Gallup had been around in 1776, we'd be driving on the wrong side of the road and obsessing about the royal family."
Redeclaring Independence
by Roman Martinez
"A look at our country's educational institutions suggests that the Declaration's truths are no longer as self-evident as they once were."
Let the Political Games Begin
by Linda Bowles
"Perhaps more than anyone in our century, he revitalized conservative thought, galvanized its adherents into forming a movement, and restored its intellectual respectability."
A Real Civics Lesson
Two revolutions contend for the American soul.
What Happened that Day in 1937?
Many laws on the books today are repugnant to the Constitution. Constitutionally protected rights are daily violated. The government is out of control. How did this come to be?
Government of the Polls, by the Polls
and for the Polls

"There never was a democracy yet that did not commit suicide."
-- John Adams
Standards are so powerful that adherence to their principles can cause the rise of a civilization, while disregard can cause a civilization's collapse. Adherence to standards is as vital to the life of any culture as it is to any manufacturing operation.
Socialism Ascending
"[The] new socialism ... exerts total regulatory control, which is just as effective and far more efficient."
This Idea Liberty
"Americans take for granted the concept of democratic government that was so radical just 200 years ago."
To Where Shall We Flee?
"We have been the last bastion of Freedom for so many people, for so many generations. If we allow Freedom to wither here, if we allow our nation to succumb to the forces of totalitarian socialism, to where shall we flee? Where do we go from here?"
The Truth About Evil
"At some point, you have to ask whether it is morally acceptable to regard those who yet refuse to come to terms with communism other than as people who have chosen to adhere to known evil. And that point has been long passed."
"Modern American liberals have perfectly adapted their own version of Newspeak, called Liberalspeak. It, too, has its own words with distinct ideological meanings."
Our Character Counts
"Today, Tocqueville would hardly recognize the country he visited. Nor would our Founders, who pledged "our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor" to bequeath us Independence."
To Be Free or Not To Be Free
"The freedoms we are allowing the socialists to take from us were won by the blood of our ancestors. If we fail to reclaim them now with our deeds, our children and grandchildren will have to reclaim them with their blood."

In Novus Ordo Seclorum: the intellectual origins of the U.S. Constitution, Forrest McDonald wrote that, "…the Framers brought a vast knowledge of history…with them to Philadelphia in May of 1787, and that they departed four months later having fashioned a frame of government that necessitated a redefinition of most of the terms in which the theory and ideology of civic humanism had been discussed. Into the bargain, they introduced an entirely new concept to the discourse, that of federalism, and in the doing, created a novus ordo seclorum: a new order of the ages."


"The role for leadership in a well-founded republic is to lead people back when they constantly stray, as constantly they will, from its heritage. To lead them back to the first principles that sharply limit what leaders are to do. Often, in the case of a republic such as ours, it is the job of leaders to lead people away from the locus of leadership itself, away from government, back into civil society: back, if you will, into de Tocqueville's America."
— George Will


Democratic Socialists of America (DSA home page)
Democratic Socialists of America (Keywiki)
The DSA is the official US full member party of the Socialist International (which includes Tony Blair's UK Labour Party, the French Parti Socialiste and nearly 140 other political parties around the globe). Unlike most other members of the Socialist International, the DSA has never fielded candidates for office. The DSA explains their mission as follows: "building progressive movements for social change while establishing an openly socialist presence in American communities and politics." Thus, the DSA is less like a traditional US political party and much more like a political education and grassroots activism organization. The other US full member of the Socialist International is the Social Democrats USA organization – a group more ideologically centrist and more directly aligned with the Democratic Party than the more traditionally leftist DSA (although both DSA and SD-USA each claim to be the one true heir to the ideological legacy of Eugene Debs and Norman Thomas).

[Update: August 2017] The web site for the SD-USA is now inactive. However, it seems to have been absorbed by the remnants of the nearly 100-year-old Socialist Party USA. A history of which is on their web site and is a very interesting read indeed. Also see the Keywiki entry for the Socialist Party USA.

Congressional Progressive Caucus
List of members in the current and previous Congresses
along with links to more information.


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