Historical and current reference material

Library, documents, links

"The diffusion of information and the arraignment of all abuses at the bar of public reason, I deem [one of] the essential principles of our government, and consequently [one of] those which ought to shape its administration."
—Thomas Jefferson: 1st Inaugural Address, 1801.

Additional references are located
within each individual Department

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Reagan Library

The Founders' Constitution
The Founders' Constitution

Provided by the University of Chicago. The Columbia Law Review described it as,
The Oxford English Dictionary of American constitutional history.”
Published in 1986 in five huge volumes, it is now available online.
Discover the legal philosophy, history, and constitutional argument that informed the
thought and debates of the Framers. Awesome!

The Heritage Guide to The Constitution
Heritage Guide to The Constitution

 The Heritage Guide to the Constitution is intended to provide a brief and accurate explanation
of each clause of the Constitution as envisioned by the Framers and as applied in contemporary law.
Select any Article or Section from the left side and the Original Text appears in the main, center, area.
Hover your cursor over text in the main body. Areas with an associated Essay will highlight
and upon a left-click that Essay will appear. Essays are also listed on the right for direct selection.
Teacher's Companion Lessons are also available in PDF format. Excellent!

Vindicating the Founders
Race, Sex, Class and Justice in the Origins of America
Thomas G. West
Contrary to modernist charges of hypocrisy, the American founders established

a "new order for the ages", a nation founded on a series of principles that,
for the first time in human history, sent slavery down the course of ultimate extinction
and allowed for the universal right to vote.

Liberty Library of
Constitutional Classics

Provided by
The Constitution Society

Highly Recommended

TYSK Independence Day Collection
An excellent collection of material pertaining to the 4th of July. Recommended.

The Liberty File Collection
An excellent collection of seminal thought regarding government.
Easy to use and comes complete with occasional good humor. Recommended.

National Constitution Center
The NCC was established by Congress through the
Constitution Heritage Act of 1988,
as an independent, nonpartisan, nonprofit organization.
This easy to navigate site has a wealth of information.

Awesome Stories
Awesome Stories is a gathering place of primary-source information.
Its purpose – since the site was first launched in 1999 – is to help educators and individuals
find original sources, located at national archives, libraries, universities,
museums, historical societies and government-created web sites. Recommended


Current U.S. Documents

The U.S. Code Searchable

Code of Federal Regulations
Current eCFR listing   Annual Editions

Federal Statistics (Fedstats)
FedStats is a gateway to the full range of official statistical information available to the public from the Federal Government. Full search capabilities on over 100 U.S. Agencies.

Congressional Research Service Reports via
Federation of American Scientists:

The Congressional Research Service, a component of the Library of Congress, conducts research and analysis for Congress on a broad range of issues of national policy. While many CRS memoranda are generated in response to individual Member or staff inquiries and are confidential, most CRS reports are available to anyone who has access to a congressional intranet. FAS endeavors to make as many of these non-confidential documents available to the public.

Heavy reading
Economic and Monetary Data

U.S. Tax Code On-Line

U.S. General Accounting Office (GAO)
Reports and Congressional Testimony

Consumer Information Center
This service is provided by the Consumer Information Center of the
U.S. General Services Administration

Breadth of knowledge

documenting the foundation of our freedoms


The American Colonist's Library
Primary source documents pertaining to Early American History
(500 B.C. - 1800 A.D.)

Magna Carta (1215)
The Great Charter

Archiving Early America
Large breadth of material. Includes actual newspapers from the Revolutionary period. recommended

Religion and the Founding of the American Republic
Library of Congress Edition

The Articles of Confederation (1781)

The Federalist Papers (with search)

The Anti-Federalist Papers
The arguments against ratification of the Constitution appeared in various forms, by various authors, most of whom used a pseudonym. Collectively, these writings have become known as the Anti-Federalist Papers.

The Declaration of Independence
also: plain text version

A User's Guide to the Declaration of Independence
And a whole lot more - recommended

The Original Twelve Articles of the
Bill of Rights

Articles 3-12 were finally adopted and renamed amendments.

The U. S. Constitution
A faithful electronic reproduction suitable for printing
also: plain text version

1878 Posse Comitatus Act

The Law – Frederick Bastiat (1850)

Democracy in America – Alexis de Tocqueville

Museum of Communism
The purpose of the Museum of Communism is to do for Communism what the Holocaust Memorial Museum does for Nazism: namely, to educate the public about mass murder, widespread slave labor, and other human rights violations committed by Communist regimes.

Manifesto of the Communist Party
The Communists disdain to conceal their views and aims. They openly declare that their ends can be attained only by the forcible overthrow of all existing social conditions.

Current Communist Goals (1963)
As entered in the Congressional Record – Appendix, pp. A34-A35
January 10, 1963

The TimePageCycles in US History
Can we remember the future? Or are we doomed to go on reinventing the past?

words have meaning

Science and Environment

Greenhouse Warming: Fact, Hypothesis or Myth?

General Reference
General Reference & Research Aids

refdesk.com - just about everything


Thought You Should Know - Home Page
Thought You Should Know

News Depts Articles Library
Lite Stuff Links Credits About

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updated: 19 november 2000;
23 september 2002;
21 july 2011;
7 july 2012
13 may 2023